Islamabad: More than 1,000 people have died in Pakistan due to continuous heavy rain since last June.
However, researchers have predicted that the melting glaciers in the Himalayas due to warming may be the main cause of this flood and climate change.
Glaciers in the Himalayas are melting rapidly due to unprecedented heat in the last 100 years.
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It has been raining heavily in various parts of Pakistan for the past few days. This has resulted in flooding in many places. Also, many people have been displaced from their homes as the floods in the rivers have also entered the residential areas. Due to this, the normal life of the people has been affected. At the same time, a large number of innocent people are losing their lives due to floods and collapsing houses.
Death toll crosses 1,000
According to the National Disaster Management Authority, more than 1,000 people have died in the floods and other disasters caused by the heavy rains since June 14. This includes 343 children. Maximum 306 people died in Sindh alone. 234 deaths have also occurred in Balochistan. Rescue teams are also engaged in continuous rescue operations.
In this case, the researchers have predicted that warming may be the cause of this great flood and sudden climate change. Researchers are also saying that the melting ice rocks in the Himalayas especially due to warming may have caused this flood. This year, a solar heat wave hit the Earth and the European continent started to swelter like never before.
Every year, as the weather warms, teams of Indian scientists travel to the Himalayan mountains to study the Chota Shikri glacier in India’s northern state of Himachal Pradesh. For more than 10 years they have been tracking the amount of ice and studying how much it has decreased. This will be of great help to the residential areas below these hills.
El Nino effect
But this year they could not go above this scale. This is because the research center was completely submerged by melting ice due to warming, said Mohammad Farooq Azam, a glaciologist at the Indian Institute of Technology in Indore. With this rapid melting of rocks, the effect of ‘El Nino’ will occur. That is, an irregular climate change that can occur in the eastern and central Pacific Ocean of the Earth due to global warming is called ‘El Niño’.
As these glaciers melt, heavy floods will occur. The Indus River basin, which starts in Tibet and flows through Pakistan and merges with the Arabian Sea near Karachi, will be severely affected by this flood. Flood water does not penetrate the soil. This will not raise the ground water level. So floods can cause severe drought. There are nearly 55,000 glaciers in the Himalayas, Karakoram and Hindu Kush mountain ranges.
Global warming affecting developing countries
These feed more than 1.3 billion people. There are more than 7,000 of these ice rocks in Pakistan. Now thousands of lakes are overflowing due to massive melting of these rocks. So the experts have warned that floods and climate change will increase in the coming days and global warming will severely affect the developing countries including Pakistan.
(Scientists believe that the melting glaciers from the Himalayas may be the cause of the floods): Global warming is accelerating the loss of Himalayan glaciers much faster than scientists previously thought.
Story first published: Friday, September 2, 2022, 14:41 [IST]
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