Architect..Doctor..Bin Laden’s companion – who is this Ayman al-Zawahiri

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Updated: Tuesday, August 2, 2022, 11:07 [IST]

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Kabul: Ayman al-Zawahiri was the one who carried out the series of attacks against the Americans. President Biden has said that justice has been done by killing him. Ayman al-Zawahiri was killed in a CIA drone strike while hiding in Kabul. Born into a wealthy family, an architect and a doctor, how did Zawahiri join Al-Qaeda and become its leader? Let’s see how the connection with Bin Laden came about.

Osama Bin Laden was killed in Pakistan in 2011 by the US. He was succeeded by Ayman al-Zawahiri as the new leader of al-Qaeda. After that he was the leader for 11 years. Ayman al-Zawahiri was assassinated last week.

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Who is this Zawahiri?

Who is this Zawahiri?

Born in 1951, Zawahiri grew up in an upscale neighborhood in Cairo, Egypt, the grandson of a prominent physician and renowned scholar. His grandfather, Rabia al-Zawahiri, was an imam at Al-Azhar University in Cairo. His uncle, Abdel Rahman Azzam, was the first secretary of the Arab League. Studied Business and Economic Management and Graduated as Civil Engineer Architect. He has also served as a doctor in the Egyptian army.

Prison life

Prison life

Zawahiri was jailed for the 1981 assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. “We want to talk to the whole world. Who are we? Who are we?” He said in a prison interview. At the time, Zawahiri, a young doctor, was already a committed terrorist who had spent years plotting to overthrow the Egyptian government and replace it with a fundamentalist Islamic regime. He proudly approved the assassination of Sadat after the Egyptian leader made peace with Israel.

Meeting with bin Laden

Meeting with bin Laden

Zawahiri left Egypt in 1985 for Peshawar, Pakistan, where he worked as a surgeon treating militants engaged with Soviet troops in Afghanistan. It was there that Zawahiri met bin Laden and the two were linked by the common bond of being “Afghan Arabs”.

joined hands

joined hands

After reuniting in Afghanistan, bin Laden and Zawahiri announced together in early 1998 to form the World Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders, formally merging the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and Al Qaeda. At one point, he acted as Bin Laden’s personal physician. “We are working with brother Bin Laden,” he said in May 1998 when announcing the merger of his terror group.

An attack on America

An attack on America

“We have known him for more than 10 years. We fought with him in Afghanistan.” The two terrorist leaders also signed a fatwa, or declaration, together. “The verdict is the duty of every Muslim to kill and fight Americans and their allies, whether civilians or soldiers. Attacks against America increased after bin Laden and Zawahiri’s fatwa. Suicide bombings at American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania killed more than 200 people and injured more than 5,000.

September 11, 2011 attack

September 11, 2011 attack

The October 2000 attack on the USS Cole in Yemen killed 17 American sailors and injured 39 when suicide bombers aboard a dinghy detonated their boat. Zawahiri’s terror plot culminated in the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon’s twin towers that killed nearly 3,000 people. A fourth hijacked plane bound for Washington crashed into a Pennsylvania field after passengers struggled.

An invitation to a series of attacks

An invitation to a series of attacks

Before and after the September 11 attacks, Zawahiri called for attacks against Western targets and urged Islamists to support his cause through several videos and audios. “Before you call me and my brother terrorists, let’s define what that means. Bloodthirsty merciless killers, that’s not what we’re about,” Zawahiri’s brother Mohammed told CNN.

“We are trying to reclaim certain rights that have been usurped by Western powers throughout history,” he said in an interview.

Al Qaeda leader

Al Qaeda leader

After US forces killed bin Laden in 2011, Zawahiri became Al Qaeda’s leader. He continued to move as the US-led invasion of Afghanistan began after the September 11, 2011 attacks. At one point, he narrowly escaped an American attack in Afghanistan’s rugged, mountainous Dora Bora region that killed his wife and children.

Zawahiri was shot dead

Zawahiri was shot dead

The last time Zawahiri spoke was an audio message released by Al Qaeda’s media wing on July 13. Last Sunday, the CIA launched another drone attack on Afghanistan. Al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, who was the mastermind of the organization, was reportedly killed.

Joe Biden confirmed

Joe Biden confirmed

In this case, President Joe Biden, who has confirmed his death through Twitter, said that justice has been served and those who are a threat to the people will be found and punished wherever they are. He was a key architect behind several attacks on the United States and was said to be the mastermind behind the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, according to Biden. Slain Al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri turns 71.

The wicked will be killed

The wicked will be killed

“People around the world no longer need to fear a deadly and determined killer. The United States continues to demonstrate our resolve and our ability to defend the American people against those who seek to harm us,” Joe Biden said from the White House’s Blue Room balcony.

English summary

Ayman al-Zawahiri was the one who carried out the series of attacks against the Americans. President Biden has said that justice has been done by killing him. Ayman al-Zawahiri was killed in a CIA drone strike while hiding in Kabul. Born into a wealthy family, an architect and a doctor, how did Zawahiri join Al-Qaeda and become its leader? Let’s see how the connection with Bin Laden came about.


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